General Research Policies
- Research submitted to LiC must comply with internationally accepted standards for research practice and reporting, including data management, figure preparation, reproducibility, and reporting guidelines. The style guide (Download template) provided to authors will contain rules and examples to be followed when submitting a manuscript for review.
- LiC standards may be stricter than local legal frameworks and will be enforced accordingly. Issues discovered after publication will be addressed according to guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and may lead to a correction, retraction, or expression of concern issued by LiC General Editor.
- Authors will state all sources of funding for research and include this information in the Acknowledgments section of the submitted manuscript (Download manuscript template).
- The research protocol approved by the relevant institutional Review Boards or Ethics Committees for human (bio, medical, technological or empirical) research should be expressly mentioned on the manuscript. All human subjects involved should have been provided with the opportunity of giving their informed consent.
- No discrimination will be tolerated. When race/ethnicity is reported, it should be defined the way how race/ethnicity has been determined, whether the options were defined by the investigator and, if so, why race/ethnicity is considered important in the study.
- LiC checks and ban all kinds of plagiarism. LiC editors can use Crossref Similarity Check (powered by iThenticate) to screen submitted content for originality.
- All intellectual contributions should be duly mentioned in the Acknowledgment section (e.g., statistical analysis or writers).
- At least one author who (i) had full access to all the data or (ii) participated in the software modelling, should take responsibility for its integrity and the accuracy of the data analysis or the technological output.
- Any potential conflicts of interest of each author should be reported in the manuscript, in accordance with the Journal’s policy.
- Everyone identified as a source of personal communication or unpublished data should be expressly cited.
- Manuscript supporting data (e.g., actual data that is summarized in the manuscript) should be reported to the General Editor when requested. Authors should also indicate where (in which database) the data could be found.
- LiC provides the possibility to get these resources also published or linked.
- In empirical papers, authors can make materials, data, and associated protocols available to readers. Authors must disclose upon submission of the manuscript any restrictions on the availability of materials.
- All relevant published work on which the submitted work is based should be referenced.
- Authors should obtain permission from the copyright owner to use/reproduce copyrighted content (e.g., figures and tables) in the submitted manuscript (Download: LiC Request for Permission to Publish Content under a CC 4.0 International License).
- Authors should provide written permission or consent form from any potentially identifiable individuals referred to or shown in photographs in the manuscript to protect and enhance their privacy rights.
Researchers submitting studies involving human participants must meet the following requirements:
- Obtain prior approval for human subjects research by an institutional review board (IRB) or equivalent ethics committee(s).
- Declare compliance with ethical practices upon submission of a manuscript.
- Report details on how informed consent for the research was obtained (or explain why consent was not obtained).
- Submit, upon request from LiC, documentation from the review board or ethics committee confirming approval of the research.
- Confirm that an identified individual has provided written consent for the use of that information.
All submissions describing research on human subjects will be checked by LiC editors to ensure that the requirements above are met. Failure to meet requirements may be grounds for rejection. If issues are discovered after publication, LiC may issue a correction or retraction as appropriate. LiC also reserve the right to contact the author’s institution.