Using Nominal Group Technique to Guide Research and Control Bias in Socio-Legal History Projects

Patrick Keyzer  
Professor of Law and Public Policy and Dean of the Thomas More Law School, Australian Catholic University
Matthew Richardson
History editor and publisher, Halstead Press


Bias can result in partiality in historical accounts and confirmation bias results in statements and characterisations being accepted as factual without reliance on critical tests. This paper provides an example of how a qualitative research technique called ‘nominal group technique’ (NGT) was used in a legal history project to control bias. The observations and conclusions may have a bearing on the part that NGT could play in other areas of legal research and historical research.


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How to Cite
Keyzer P, Richardson M. Using Nominal Group Technique to Guide Research and Control Bias in Socio-Legal History Projects. LiC [Internet]. 2022Apr.27 [cited 2022May24];37(3). Available from:

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